Volume 8, Issue 3 (3-2018)                   MJLTM 2018, 8(3): 407-430 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

UiTM Terengganu, Dungun Campus, Malaysia
Abstract:   (7645 Views)
This present study was conducted to re-examine motivation and attitude of language learners and its correlation to their learning achievement. Low English language proficiency among Malaysian students has drawn researchers’ attention to conduct the study within higher learning institution. This cross-sectional study was carried out involving 329 participants those were required to respond for self-administered questionnaire and taking four language skills test which was developed by researchers with the assistant of experience language lecturers. Descriptive and inference analysis were adopted to answer the research objectives.   The finding has demonstrated that participants of the study have higher integrative motivation (8.07) and moderate level attitudes towards the learning of English language (6.81). However correlation test has shown a there is a low correlation (r = 0.111) between students’ motivation and English language achievement tests.  Whereby there is a moderately low correlation (r = 0.224) between students’ attitude and English language achievement tests. In future investigations it might be possible to study other types of motivation such as intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in order to determine the success for language learners.
Keywords: Motivation, Attitude, Achievement, Proficiency, success
Nor Zaitolakma Abdul Samad, Norhayati Husin, Masliza Mat Zali, Razita Mohamad and Azman Che Mat
Full-Text [PDF 512 kb]   (4519 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Foreign language teaching and learning
Received: 2018/08/18 | Accepted: 2018/08/18 | Published: 2018/08/18

1. Abidin, M. J. Z., Pour-Mohammadi, M., & Alzwari, H. (2012). EFL students' attitudes towards learning English language: The case of Libyan secondary school students. Asian social science, 8(2), pp.119.
2. Abu-Melhim, A. (2009). Attitudes of Jordanian College Students towards Learning English as a Foreign Language. College Student Journal, 43 (2). pp. 682-694.
3. Awang, G. (2007). Growing Up in Terengganu. Telok Blangah Road, Singapore: Monsoon Books Pte. Ltd.
4. Bekleyen, N. (2009). Helping Teachers Become Better English Students: Causes, Effects, and Coping Strategies for Foreign Language Listening Anxiety. System 37 (2009), pp. 664 – 675 [DOI:10.1016/j.system.2009.09.010]
5. Bobkina, J., Dominguez, E.R., & Fernandez, M.C.D. (2013). Motivation and Attitudes towards English Language Learning Tertiary Education: A Contrastive Approach to Undergraduate Response to English as a Core Subject in the Engineering and Humanities Degrees. Revista Iberoamericana para la Investigacion y el Desarrollo Educativo, 26(19), pp.1-22.
6. Brown, A. L. (1978). Knowing When, Where, and How to Remember: A Problem of Metacognition, in R. Glaser (ed.), Advances in Instructional Psychology (Hillsdale: Erlbaum): 1, pp. 77 - 165
7. Cooper, R. L., & Fishman, J. A. (1977). A study of language attitudes. Bilingual Review/La Revista Bilingüe, pp. 7-34.
8. Cronbach, L.J. (1951). Coefficient Alpha and the Internal Structure of Tests. Psychometrika, 16, pp. 297 – 334. [DOI:10.1007/BF02310555]
9. Engku Suhaimi, E.A., Zailani, J., Alia Nabila, A., Wahida, A.W., & Izah, M.T. (2012). Students' Attitudes Toward the English Proficiency Enhancement Programme. International Journal of Education 4 (3), pp. 1-11.
10. Farooq, M.S., Uzair-Ul-Hassan, M., & Wahid, S. (2012). Opinion of Second Language Learners about Writing Difficulties in English Language. A Research Journal of South Asian Studies 27 (1), pp.183-194.
11. Fatma, T.G. (2014). Speaking problems of 9th grade high school Turkish learners of L2 English and possible reasons for those problems: Exploring the teachers and students' perspectives. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 116 (2014), pp. 1875 – 1879. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.487]
12. Feyton, C.M. (1991). The Power of Listening Ability: An Overlooked Dimension in Language Acquisition. Modern Language Journal 75, pp. 173 – 180 [DOI:10.1111/j.1540-4781.1991.tb05348.x]
13. Foo, B., and Richards, C. (2004). English in Malaysia. Regional Language Centre Journal, 35(2), (2004), pp. 229 – 240. [DOI:10.1177/003368820403500209]
14. Gardner, R. C., & Lambert, W.E. (1972). Attitudes and Motivation in Second Language Learning, Rowley, Massachusetts: Newbury.
15. Gardner, R.C., (1985). Social Psychology and Second Language Learning. London, England: Edward Arnold.
16. Ghazvini, S.D., & Khajehpour, M. (2011). Attitudes and Motivation in learning English as Second Language in high school students. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15 (2011), pp. 1209 – 1213. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.03.264]
17. Gimenez J. (2008). Beyond the Academic Essay: Discipline-specific Writing in Nursing and Midwifery. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 7 (3), pp. 151-164. [DOI:10.1016/j.jeap.2008.03.005]
18. Goh, C. (2008). Metacognitive instruction for second language listening development theory, practice and research implications. RELC journal, 39(2), pp. 188-213. [DOI:10.1177/0033688208092184]
19. Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2006). Multivariate data analysis 6th Edition. Pearson Prentice Hall. New Jersey. Humans: Critique and reformulation. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 87, pp. 49-74.
20. Helms, J.E. et al. (2006). Treating Cronbach's Alpha Reliability Coefficients as Data In Counseling Research. SAGE journals. The Counseling Psychologist, 34, pp. 629-660. [DOI:10.1177/0011000006288308]
21. Hogg, M. A. & Vaughan, G. M. (2005), Social Psychology (4th ed). Prentice Hall.
22. Johnson, K. (2001). An introduction to foreign language learning and teaching. England: Pearson Education Limited. Kök, İ. (2010). The relationship between students' reading comprehension achievement and their attitudes towards learning English and their abilities to use reading strategies with regard to hemispheric dominance. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 3, pp. 144-151. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.026]
23. Kieffer, M.J. (2014). Morphological Awareness and Reading Difficulties in Adolescent Spanish-Speaking Language Minority Learners and Their Classmates. Journal of Learning Disabilities 47 (1), pp. 44 – 53. [DOI:10.1177/0022219413509968]
24. Lasagabaster, D., & Huguet, A. (Eds.). (2007). Multilingualism in European bilingual contexts: Language use and attitudes (Vol. 135). Multilingual Matters.
25. Latchanna, G., & Dagnew, A. (2009). Attitude of teachers towards the use of active learning methods. E-journal of All India Association for Educational Research, 21(1), http://www.ejournal.aiaer.net/vol21109/12.%20Latchana%20&%20Dagnew.pdf
26. Lee, W., & Ng, S. (2010). Reducing student reticence through teacher interaction strategy. ELT Journal, 64(3), pp. 302-313. Lane, K.L. et al. (2008). The Effects of Self-Regulated Strategy Development on the Writing Performance of Second-Grade Students with Behavioral and Writing Difficulties. The Journal of Special Education, 41 (4) pp. 234 – 253.
27. Littlewood, W. (2004). Students' perspectives on interactive learning. In O.Kwo, T.Moore & J.Jones (Eds). Developing Environments in higher education. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press
28. Majzub, R., & Abu, S. (2010). Integrating Listening and Speaking Skills to Facilitate English Language Learners' Commnicative Competence. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 9, (2010), pp. 765-770 [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.12.231]
29. Marlyna, M., Siti Hamin, S & Mohamad Subakir, M.Y. (2012). English Language Proficiency Levels and Needs of International Postgraduate Students: Implications and Recommendations. Asian Social Science, 8 (13), pp.181 - 187
30. Millington, N. T. (2011). Using Songs Effectively to Teach English to Young Learners. Language Education in Asia, 2 (1), pp. 134 - 141 [DOI:10.5746/LEiA/11/V2/I1/A11/Millington]
31. Muhammad Shahid, F., Muhammad Uzair, U.H., & Wahid, S. (2012). Opinion of Second Language Learners about Writing Difficulties in English Language. A Journal of South Asian Studies, 27, pp. 183-194.
32. Naser, S. (2010). An Exploration of Undergraduate Students' Motivation and Attitudes towards English Language Acquisition. Journal of Behavioural Sciences, 20 (2), pp.1–14.
33. Newman, D.B. (2010). Impact and Implications of Word-Finding Difficulties in Adolescents on Listening Comprehension Assessment. Communication Disorders Quarterly 31 (3), pp. 155-161. [DOI:10.1177/1525740109337160]
34. Oroujlou, N., & Vahedi, M. (2011). Motivation, attitude, and language learning. Procedia – Social and Behavirol Sciences, 29 (2011), pp. 994-1000. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.11.333]
35. Petrides, J.R. (2006). Attitudes and motivation and their impact on the performance of young English as a Foreign Language learners. Journal of Language and Learning 5 (1), pp. 1-20.
36. Phakiti, A., and Li, L. (2011). General Academic Difficulties and Reading and Writing Difficulties among Asian ESL Postgraduate Students in TESOL at an Australian University. RELC Journal 42 (3), pp. 227-264. [DOI:10.1177/0033688211421417]
37. Revell J., S. Norman. (1996). In your hands: NLP in ELT. London: Safire Press.
38. Salamonson, Y., Koch, J., Weaver, R., Everett, B., & Jackson, D. (2010). Embedded academic writing support for nursing students with English as a second language. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 66(2), pp. 413-421. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2009.05158.x]
39. Snow, C.E., Burns, M.S., & Griffin, P. (1998). Preventing reading difficulties in young children. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
40. The Star, Sept. 11/2013.
41. Uma Sekaran. (2007). Research methods for business: A skill-building approach. John Wiley & Sons.
42. Unal, S., & Sari, I. (2013). Changing Students' Attitude towards L2 by Teaching Values in L2. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences 70 (2013), pp. 1413-1423. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.01.205]
43. Yvonne, J., & Gurnam K.S. (2013). Relationship between anxiety, attitude and motivation of tertiary students in learning English as a Second Language. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 90, pp. 114 – 123. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.07.072]

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.